GENERAL DENTISTRY

Extractions

Extractions

Despite our effort to preserve natural teeth, there are some occasions where a tooth is deemed non-restorable or is indicated to be removed. Reasons for extraction include dental trauma or disease, orthodontic treatment, impacted wisdom teeth, or over-retained baby teeth.

Process of tooth extraction

The first step in any extraction is an X-ray to assess the position of the tooth roots and the condition of the surrounding bone. Tooth extraction is usually carried out with local anesthesia, which will numb the teeth to be removed, and the surrounding bone and gum tissues. As your tooth is being removed, steps are taken to ensure the bone that surrounds it isn’t damaged. A tooth may need to be sectioned into small pieces to aid the removal process. Once the tooth is removed, the surgical site is irrigated with sterile saline. Sutures may or may not be needed based on individual circumstances. Our staff will go over detailed post operative instructions with you about what to do with home care.

What to Expect After Tooth Extraction

Immediately after your tooth is extracted, the socket will be covered with sterile gauze; gentle pressure will be applied for 10-20 minutes to control any bleeding. It’s normal to experience some mild to moderate post-operative discomfort and/or swelling. Taking non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and/or aspirin the day of surgery should control most symptoms. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to ensure infection-free healing. Using ice packs on the outside of your jaw, and eating softer foods until you feel more comfortable can also be helpful. It is important to remember to leave the blood clot in the extraction site undisturbed as the clot helps promote healing and fight off bacteria. Minimize spitting, rinse and drinking from straws. Within a few days, all should be back to normal.

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